How To Detect Lead In Water With Pictures And Video
How Lead Gets into Drinking Water
Lead may enter into drinking water if the service pipe which holds lead corrodes, particularly where water gets low mineral content and high acidity which corrodes fixtures and pipes.
You may get the common problem in brass faucets and chrome plates. They fixture with lead soldiers from where a great amount of lead enters into water.
House built before 1986, have more likely solder, lead pipes and fixtures. The Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA) has decreased the maximum allowable lead content.
The average weight of the content is 0.25% calculated across the wetted surfaces of pipe, pipe fittings, fixtures and plumbing fittings and 0.2 percent for flux and solder.
Corrosion is a metal caused by chemical reaction between plumbing and water. There are lots of reasons for which lead enters into water such as ]
The types and the chemistry of water and a number of minerals found in water are
- The total amount of lead that comes with water
- The temperature of your water
- The amount of wear using the pipes
- The time of water remaining in pipes
- The presence of coating and protective scales inside the plumbing materials
Having Your Water Tested
Have your local suppliers tested the water of your house? Some suppliers normally come to your house and taste it without any cost. This is a good idea to taste the water in this way.
Ask the supplier to test the water of your house from the own faucets. The EPA gives only the confidence reports. But it is very important to taste water from the own faucet to be sure if there are lead levels in water which varies.
Do a state certified lab test for your water. You can take help from the local water supplier. If he is unable to test it, you can call for an expert to do the job.
- You may contact the EPA safe drinking water hotline. The number is 1-800-426-4791 both Spanish and English service.
- You have the chance to go to the EPA Web site. The Environment Protection Agency Web site gives you the necessary information to find a state certified lab test for your water.
- See online or your lock phone book. Go to for Water Testing laboratories. Does not contact with free water tests as they sometimes like to sell water treatment system in exchange.
Apply a nationwide testing service. There are lots of private companies which give water testing service. They test different types of contaminants even lead. Be sure, hiring a private company may cost vary.
Testing Your Water Yourself
Try to get free water testing kit from the municipality. There are many municipalities who are giving low cost or free water testing kit for the dwellers.
It takes a water sample from your home to laboratory to analysis. Make a contact with the local government to get a free water testing program for renters or homeowners.
You can buy a good type of lead testing kit for your home. You may buy it from online or many home improvement stores.
Be aware of those companies who do not take a water sample to test lead in the laboratory. The result of these test is normally inconclusive.
Make a schedule to test your water. It needs to flush the plumbing system. The whole process will take six to eighteen hours. The best time to test it is early in the morning or late in the evening.
Closely read the instruction of the kit. It is very important to follow the instruction well. It will ensure you to collect the exact sample of water. Do not pollute water. The instruction of the kits may be different.
Select a faucet. This is the place where you will correct the water sample. You may buy a faucet for your home also. Some people like to select a faucet which they drink from. Drinking water with having more lead may leave negative effects on health.
Flush the plumbing system. Run cold water from your tap on the faucet from one to two minutes as long as water becomes cold.
Do not use water. Keep it in a state condition for the following six to eight hours. It may include outdoor water.
It is important to follow the instruction well as it will help to collect the lead in your pipes.
Reserve a sample of water. In some water testing kits, there is a big plastic water bottle. If you have no, use a sealable lid or a clean jar. Fill the jar or bottle with water from your faucet.
- Keep the water bottle below the same faucet which is used to flush the plumbing system.
- Turn on cold water slowly
- Again fill the bottle with cold water.
- Stop the flow of water
- Keep the lid on the water bottle. Tightly screw the bottle
- Shake the bottle well to mix the water sample well.
Pour water into the sample bottle. You may choose a small sample bottle to test the water for the water testing kit. Fill the bottle with water and tightly screw the lid. No need to shake at all.
Return the specimen bottle. Buy packaging supplies or use the packaging supplies at the local post office.
- Put the bottle in a bubble lined bag. In some kits, there is an information card to fill out for you. Put the date and time of your sample and from where you collected the sample.
- Keep the bubble lined bag and an information card to an exact size envelope
- Send the envelope. Mail the sample within seven days of collecting it. Send it to the state certified laboratory or the water suppliers where you get the kit
There is the presence of more lead in hot water rather than cold water. So, use the cold water while the cooking or making baby formula.
If you think to use a treatment system, keep it in mind that most systems are certified thinking the water is treated or very near to the water standard.
A water softener can reduce the level of lead in water. But if the water is over softened it becomes corrosive and leaches lead from solders or the piping.